Come to see if you're vulnerable, but merely believing that your password is secure enough to keep hackers out is a dangerous mindset.

The Hackers' Favorite Password-Cracking Methods

You will always need to update your password, and sometimes more urgently than you realize, but protecting your account from theft is a terrific way to remain on top of your account security. You may always go to www.haveibeenpwned.com. com to discover if you're vulnerable, but simply trusting that your password is safe enough to prevent hacking is a risky mindset.

So, in order to assist you to understand how hackers obtain your passwords – secure or not – we've compiled a list of the top ten password-cracking tactics employed by hackers. Some of the methods listed below are obviously outdated, but that does not mean they are no longer in use. Take your time reading and learning how to defend yourself.

Hackers' Favorite Password-Cracking Methods

1. Dictionary Attack

The dictionary attack, as the name implies, makes use of a basic file containing terms that could be found in a dictionary. In other words, this assault exploits the same terms that many individuals use as passwords.

Cleverly combining phrases like "letmein" or "superadministratorguy" will not keep your password safe - at least not for long. a few more seconds

2. Attack Using Force

The brute force attack, like the dictionary attack, offers an additional advantage for the hacker. Rather than just employing words, a brute force attack allows them to find non-dictionary terms by going through all conceivable alpha-numeric combinations from aaa1 to zzz10.

It won't be quick if your password is more than a few characters lengthy, but it will reveal it. Eventually, your password Brute force attacks can be sped up by leveraging more computing horsepower, both in terms of processing power (including harnessing the power of your video card GPU) and machine numbers (for example, by using distributed computing models like online bitcoin miners).

3. Rainbow Table Attack

The brute force attack, like the dictionary attack, provides an added benefit for the hacker. Rainbow tables aren't as colorful as their names suggest, but a hacker may find your password at the end of it. In its simplest form, a rainbow table can be reduced to a list of pre-computed hashes — the numerical value used when encrypting a password. feasible. For each given username and password, this table contains hashes of all possible password combinations. The hashing algorithm Rainbow tables are appealing because they decrease the time required to crack a password hash to merely looking things up in a list.

Rainbow tables, on the other hand, are enormous and cumbersome. They need significant computer effort to perform, and a table becomes useless if the hash it is attempting to locate has been "salted" by the addition of new data. Before hashing the algorithm, it adds a string of random characters to its password.

There has been discussion about salted rainbow tables, but they would be so large that they would be impractical to use in practice.They would almost certainly only operate with a specified “random character” set and password strings of less than 12 characters, as the size of the table would otherwise be prohibitive to even state-level hackers.

4. Phishing

Asking the user for his or her password is a simple hacking tactic. A phishing email directs the unsuspecting reader to a spoofed login page linked with whatever service the hacker wants to access, usually by demanding the user to fix some dreadful security flaw. That page then captures their password, which the hacker can subsequently utilize for their own purposes. Why bother cracking the password when the user will gladly give it to you in any case?

5. Social Engineering is a term used to describe the practice

Social engineering takes the “ask the user” concept beyond the inbox, where most phishing occurs, and into the real world.

Social engineering takes the “ask the user” concept beyond the inbox, where most phishing occurs, and into the real world. The preferred way for the social engineer is to call an office and pose as an IT security technician, just asking for the network access password. You'd be surprised how often this works. Some even have the gonads to put on a suit and bear a name. credential before heading into a business and asking the same inquiry to the receptionist face to face.

6. Malware

Malware can install a keylogger, also known as a screen scraper, which captures what you enter or takes screenshots of during a login procedure and then sends a copy of this file to hacker central.

Some malware will hunt for and copy a web browser client password file, which, if not properly encrypted, will contain easily accessible saved passwords from the user's surfing.

7. Offline Cracking

It's easy to believe that passwords are secure when the systems they protect lock out users after three or four incorrect guesses, preventing automated guessing apps from working. That would be accurate if it weren't for the fact that the majority of password hacking occurs offline, using a set of hashes in a password file received from a compromised system.

 Often, the target has been hacked as a result of an attack on a third party, granting access to the system servers and the all-important user password hash files. The password cracker can then attempt to crack the code for as long as necessary without alerting the target system or user.

>>>See More: Why is Password Security Important?

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