Passwords have a problem that almost everyone has to deal with. We require them for a variety of reasons, including credit card accounts, social media accounts, jobs, and a variety of other things. Despite how common they are and how crucial they are, many of us still struggle to create strong passwords. If you use the advice in this article, you'll be able to build strong passwords that will help you stay safe online.
Note: In this article, the term "password" refers to both passwords and passphrases. Generally speaking, Passwords are easier to remember than passphrases because they are longer, more complicated, and more difficult to guess. It's a good idea to adopt excellent practices when creating passwords until more secure solutions become widely available.
Many people believe that passwords should look like k5wT!1* an in order to be secure. So we try to keep them as brief as possible in the hopes of remembering six or eight characters. There are two issues with this approach. A random mess of characters is rarely easy to remember, and a short password just doesn't have enough characters to make it tough for a password cracking programme to figure out. The minimal password length advised to avoid password cracking programmes is 14 characters. What is the length of your passwords?
If you've written down your passwords and kept them somewhere accessible to you, chances are strong that they'll be accessible to others as well. These (and many others) are easy to find: the sticky note under your mousepad or keyboard, the password file, the list in your desk drawer. If you can easily find your passwords, you can easily compromise whatever they're protecting.
There is debate over how long you should wait before changing your password, and many websites have their own rules. However, all experts agree that if someone else knows your password and you don't want them to use it, you should change it.
Because they are frequently used, certain passwords are extremely easy to guess (password, 123456, baseball). Others are simple to figure out because the characters are connected, follow patterns, or are single words from a dictionary (asdfgh, xoxoxoxo, initiative). Personal information is another easy category to guess because so much of it is readily available (your sister's name, your father's birthday, your phone number, etc.). Many people use variants of the same password across several sites, but this can be easy to guess as well, especially if the person attempting to log in is unfamiliar with the password; password01, password02, etc.) to figure it out. If your password is simple to guess, anything it protects is also simple to access.
My e-mail password was R2D2-NotrecommendedforDagobah a few years ago. It's easier to recall than the 8-character example in number 1 (k5wT!1*a), despite the fact that it has 29 characters. It's also more difficult for a computer to break. Because my e-mail provider didn't allow spaces, I used it without them; but, if you can, do so; spaces count as special characters, and certain password cracking programmes still have issues with them.
A password manager is a programme (usually an app) that stores your passwords for various websites. As a result, you won't have to remember all of your passwords. Because you'll have to remember the password for the password manager, make sure it's both secure and easy to remember. Check out the EDUCAUSE library's resource or do a google search for "best password manager" and read reviews from a few different sources to locate a good password manager.
Because people have so many passwords to remember, one of the reasons they don't use unique passwords for each site is because they have so many to remember. You don't have to remember all of them if you use a password manager, so there's no justification for duplicating a password. You don't even have to make them easy to remember because you don't have to remember them. If you don't want to utilise a password manager, keep the remainder of the advice in this article in mind.
All of these suggestions are great, but how do you come up with a password in the first place? Three proposals are given below, along with examples.
Is there a quote that sticks with you? A line from a song that sticks with you? Don't use it the way it is — it's easy to guess (they're often included in password dictionaries used by hackers), so alter it to something unique and long that you can remember.
For example, "All this occurred, more or less" in Slaughterhouse Five can be rewritten as "Allqth1sqhappenedq,mehrqoderqwen1ger." This replaces I with "1" and converts the second half of the line to German by using the character "q" as a space. It's simple to remember or find. Give yourself a password suggestion (for example, "1. Slaughterhouse Five takes place there"). The real Slaughterhouse Five took place in Germany, which gives you an indication as to which language you used. In case you need to look up the line again, you've given the novel a name. It's the letter you used in place of spaces that caused the error. You've also added the number 1, which you substituted for "i." If you can, include spaces once more.